UPSC Prelims Syllabus

UPSC Prelims Syllabus Topic Wise (GS& CSAT)






The first paper of the UPSC prelims exam is General Studies (GS). UPSC Prelims Syllabus for General Studies can be categorized into the following sections. 

1. Current Affairs (Events) of national and international importance.

2. History of India and Indian National Movement.

3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change: that do not require subject specialization.

7. General Science

The subject-wise topics that could be commonly asked in UPSC Prelims Exam have been discussed in the below section. If you are planning to prepare for UPSC Prelims 2022, then you must not skip any topic from the below section as every topic holds its own importance. 

UPSC Prelims Syllabus for General Studies (GS)

  • Geography -[Books recommended - G.C. Leong, NCERT 11th, NCERT 12th]

General Geography

  1. Universe
  2. Earth Evolution

Geomorphology

  1. Earth’s Interior
  2. Geology and Rock System
  3. Geomorphic Process
  4. Earthquakes and Volcanism
  5. Distribution of Continents and Oceans
  6. Landforms and their evolution
  7. Landforms across the world

Oceanography

  1. Hydrosphere
  2. Submarine Relief Features
  3. Temperature and Salinity
  4. Waves, Oceans, Currents, Tides
  5. Marine Resources
  6. Ocean, Deposits and Corals

Climatology

  1. Atmosphere
  2. Inversion of Temperature
  3. Insolation and Heat Budget
  4. Air Mass, Fronts, Cyclones, and Jet Streams
  5. Wind and Pressure Belts
  6. Precipitation
  7. Climate Zones of the World

Bio Geography

  1. Soil Characteristics
  2. Vegetation Resources

Human and Economic Geography

  1. Demography and Census
  2. Human Development
  3. Economic Activities
  4. Transport and Communication
  5. International Trade
  6. Settlement

Indian Geography

  1. Physiography of India
  2. Drainage System
  3. Climate
  4. Soils in India
  5. Natural Vegetation
  6. Population
  7. Settlements and Urbanization
  8. Land Resource
  9. Mineral Resource
  10. Energy Resource
  11. Agriculture and Basic Terminology
  12. Recent development in agriculture
  13. Productivity of Crops
  14. Industry
  15. Transport
  16. Recent developments in Industry and Transport

World Regional Geography

  1. Continents, Countries, and Cities
  2. Location in News

  • Ecology & Environment [Book- Shankar IAS Enivironment]

  1. Origin of Life Forms
  2. Basic Concepts of Ecology
  3. Ecosystem Functions
  4. Population Ecology
  5. Adaptation of Species and Interactions
  6. Terrestrial Ecosystem
  7. Aquatic Ecosystem
  8. Nutrient Cycling

Biodiversity

  1. Basics of Bio-Diversity
  2. Animal and Plant Diversity
  3. Threats to Biodiversity
  4. Biodiversity Conservation
  5. Estuaries
  6. Mangroves
  7. Coral Reliefs
  8. Wetlands
  9. Resource Degradation and Management
  10. Environmental Pollution
  11. Climate Change
  12. Environmental Governance

  • History

Ancient History

  1. Pre-Historic Times
  2. Indus Valley Civilization
  3. Rig Vedic Period
  4. Later Vedic Period
  5. Jainism
  6. Buddhism
  7. Mahajanpadas
  8. Mauryan Period
  9. Post-Mauryan Period
  10. Gupta Period
  11. Harshwardhana Period
  12. Sangam Period (South-Indian Dynasties)

Medieval History [Book-NCERT]

  1. Major Dynasties of Early Medieval India (Pratiharas, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas)
  2. Cholas and South-Indian Kingdoms
  3. Early Muslim Invasions
  4. The Delhi Sultanate
  5. Afghans, Rajputs & Mughals
  6. Establishment of the North-Indian Empire
  7. The Mughal Empire
  8. Marathas and the Other Indian States
  9. The decline of the Mughal Empire
  10. Vijaynagar Empire

Modern History [Book- Spectrum]

  1. Advent of Europeans
  2. British Expansion
  3. Administration before 1857
  4. Economic Policies of the British
  5. Impact of British Administration
  6. Revolt of 1857
  7. Administrative Changes after 1857
  8. Development of Civil Services
  9. Development of Education
  10. Development of Press
  11. Socio-Religious Reforms
  12. Peasant Movements
  13. Revolutionary Nationalism
  14. Indian National Movement-I (1905-1918)
  15. Indian National Movement-II (1918-1929)
  16. Indian National Movement-III (1930-1947)
  17. Governors-General and Viceroys of India
  18. Constitutional Development of Indian

  • Art & Culture [Book-NCERT, NITIN SINGHANIA]

  1. Architecture
  2. Sculpture
  3. Paintings
  4. Pottery Tradition
  5. Numismatics
  6. Performing Arts
  7. Religion and Literature
  8. National and Regional Festivals

  • Polity [Book-NCERT , M Laxmikant Polity]

  1. Evolution of the Constitution
  2. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
  3. Union & Its Territory
  4. Citizenship
  5. Fundamental Rights
  6. Directive Principles of State Policy
  7. Fundamental Duties
  8. System of Governance
  9. Union Executive
  10. Union Legislature
  11. State Executive
  12. State Legislature
  13. Local Government
  14. UT and Special Areas
  15. Judiciary
  16. Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies
  17. Political Dynamics (Political Parties, Election, Pressure Groups)
  18. Governance
  19. International Relations

  • Economy [Book- SriRam IAS Economy ]

Basic Concepts

  1. Macroeconomic Concepts
  2. Microeconomic Concepts

Economic Measurements

  1. National Income & Its Calculation
  2. Economic Growth and Development
  3. Inflation

Money & Banking

  1. Money Function & Classification
  2. Financial Markets & Its Instruments
  3. Banking Structure in India

Public Finance in India

  1. Budgeting
  2. Fiscal Policy
  3. Center-state Distribution
  4. Tax Structure in India

Planning

  1. Meaning, Objective & History
  2. Planning Institutions
  3. Five Year Plans in India
  4. NITI Aayog

Open Economy

  1. Foreign Trade Concepts
  2. International Organizations
  3. Trade Agreements
  4. Recent Development

Economic Sectors

  1. Poverty
  2. Employment and Unemployment
  3. Government Schemes and Programmes

  • General Science [Source: Current affairs-NewsPaper Monthly Magazine, Static- Any Coaching Notes]

  1. Science & Technology in India
  2. Space
  3. IT and Communication
  4. Materials, Nano Technology and Robotics
  5. Defense
  6. Nuclear Technology
  7. Intellectual Property Rights and Other Miscellaneous Issues
  8. Biotechnology

  • UPSC Prelims CSAT Syllabus 

The UPSC CSAT Exam syllabus as prescribed by the UPSC in their notification consist of the following broad categories:

1. Comprehension

2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills

3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability

4. Decision-making and problem-solving

5. General mental ability

6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level).



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